Mindfulness means maintaining a moment-by-moment awareness of our thoughts, feelings, bodily sensations, by being aware in all sensory levels. We pay attention to our thoughts and feelings without judging them—without believing, for instance, that there’s a “right” or “wrong” way to think or feel in a given moment. When we practice mindfulness, our thoughts tune into what we’re sensing in the present moment rather than rehashing the past or imagining the future.

Mindfulness roots are in Buddhist meditation, a secular practice of mindfulness has entered the mainstream in recent years.